Research Report

BALINTON, ROBERT JR. M.

DIFFICULTIES AND PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY GREEN AMBASSADOR COLLEGE WORKING STUDENTS IN SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN COLLEGE

(HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES)

GRADE 11-A

2016-2017

Abstract. The difficulties and problems encountered by the Green Ambassadors College working students.  In this study has explored and find out the demographic profile of the college students who are one of the working students, and wanted to know the problems in terms of their family problem and personal problem, and by all of those problems and difficulties we want to find/know their coping mechanism they used to overcome those problems they encountered. We used quantitative method. The study shows the family factors of the students such as financial problem, unemployed parents, having more siblings, broken family, unsupported parents. It can affect them being working students to be more stress, hard to managing their time both study and in school, not sleeping well, late in morning classes, and having low of academic performance. Furthermore, working students used some strategies or coping mechanism to overcome those problems such as being optimistic, work hard, manage their time wisely, listening to music, and also to asking help from someone. Nevertheless, students highlighted the benefits of working that included acquiring relevant skills, perfect time-management skills necessary for academic success, reduce reliance on student loans, and gain career-related experience as they clarify goals, acquire skills and self-confidence, and build a network of contacts. Students’ in the study acknowledged it was not the responsibility of the school to monitor part-time employment. There were calls for a greater understanding of the financial situation school students’ face in today’s society.

 

CHAPTER 1

                                      INTRODUCTION

Nature and Background of the Study. Working through college will not cover all of a student’s education expenses. It can lighten the debt burden, though, and pay off in other ways good news for the growing number of students who work while attending school (Rapacon, 2015). One obvious approach is for colleges and universities to reduce students’ financial need to work by reducing the rate of tuition growth and increasing need-based grants. Colleges and universities can also reduce the prevalence and intensity of employment through financial aid counseling that inform students of both the consequences of working and alternative mechanism of paying for college. Nonetheless, given the recent economic recession (and its implications for tuition, financial aid, and students’ financial resources) as well as the centrality of jobs to students’ identities, many will likely continue to work substantial numbers of hours (Perna, 2010).

In the Philippines, working is now a fundamental responsibility for many undergraduates. However, understanding how employment affects students’ educational experiences is complicated by why students work. Many students must work to pay the costs of attending college. Regardless of the reason for working, trying to meet the multiple and sometimes conflicting simultaneous demands of the roles of student, employee, parent, and so on often creates high levels of stress and anxiety, making it less likely that students will complete their degrees (Perna, 2010).

Southern Christian College is one of the most abundant school here in Midsayap, offer a good quality of education in every students who belong there. College degree is one of the best investment we could ever have in our life, it is not easy for being student’s not in academic, but in financial budgets, especially when it don’t have a money that cant’ continually support for the fees in every semester. However, some of the student do not have the financial capacity to semi-annually enroll for four years, because of insufficient amount of money to use. Therefore, some students need a part time job, to set themselves as a working student in the mentioned school, and its make them stressful and didn’t concentrate their class well, also their both study and family too.

Statement of the Problem

            This study will examine the SAO Green Ambassadors College working students who only received 1,100 pesos per month in Southern Christian College. Specifically, the study will seek to answer the following questions:

  1. The demographic profile of the working students that we will take, as our respondents?
  2. What is the family problem of college students that leads them to be working students?
  3. What are the common problem and difficulties encountered by the working student?; and
  4. What are the strategies used by the working students to overcome their problems

Objectives of the study

The study will determine the factors behind the workers, Green Ambassador in Southern Christian College. Specifically the study aims to:

  1. Determine the demographic profile of the working students that we will take as our respondents.
  2. Determining the family problem of college students that leads them to be working students.
  3. Determining the common problem and difficulties encountered by the working student; and
  4. Determining the strategies used by the working students to overcome their problems.

Significance of the Study. The information gathered will serves as a reference and will be beneficial to:

            The Students.  This study may benefit to the students who work and even the students who are not, for them to be more confident and possess better time-management skills to have a focus on class and work. To make themselves more responsible as a student.

            The Teachers. The result of this study may benefit for them to know the struggles that their students encountered as a working student. The reasons why their students have a promissory note in every exam. Furthermore, for they will also know why their students get a low performance in their perspective subjects.

The Future Psychologies.  The result of this study will provide relevant information and serves for them as a reference about the College working student for future related studies.

The Parents. This study may bring awareness to them on what are the difficulties that their children encountered as a working student.

Scope and Limitation

            This study is mainly focused among College working student in Southern Christian College. The study is limited to the Green Ambassador College working students school year 2016-2017 in Poblacion 5, Midsayap, North Cotabato.

CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY

            This chapter will describe the researcher’s procedure. It contains the research method and design, locale and respondents of the study, instrument of the study, data gathering procedure and data analysis used.

Research Design. Descriptive survey design will use in evaluating the College working students belongs to Green Ambassador through survey interviews to know the difficulties and struggles they encountered.

Locale of the Study. The study will be conducted among Green Ambassador College working students in Southern Christian College in Pobalacion 5, Midsayap, Cotabato school year 2016-2017.

Selection of Respondents. The respondents of this study were the working students. Specifically, the Green Ambassador college working student who are still continuing their studies in SCC who only received a monthly salary of 1,100 pesos per month. Limited of 50 respondents.

Research Instruments. The researchers will use a research-made questionnaire in gathering the necessary data. It contained questions on demographic profile of the respondents and identified their background problem and struggles they always encountered as a working student. In addition, we will using convenience sampling to collect data from the respondents.

Data Collection Procedure. Before gathering the data, the researchers will ask the approval and consent to the SAO office and SHS Principal for the survey that will be going to conduct. The questionnaire will be personally distributed and collected by the researchers to the respondents.

Data Analysis. The study will utilize first hand data taken through distributed of the survey questionnaire and a focus group discussion. The researchers will translate the interview from the local language to English if there are some students who do not understand English-word directly. Then transcription will be processed and presented by themes.

CHAPTER IV

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

            This chapter presents the results and discussion of the study on difficulties and problems by green ambassador college working students in Southern Christian College, Midsayap, Cotabao for the school year 2016-2017. The data are shown in tabular form.

Demographic Profile of the Respondents

Age. Table 1.1 shows that out of 50 respondents, 19 years old got the highest percentage with 28% of the respondents and the other are 18 years old with 26%, 21 years old and above with 22%, 20 years old with 16%, and 17 years old with 8%. Most of the respondents are in the age of 19 years old.

Table 1.1 Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents according to age.

Age (f) (%)
17 4 8
18 13 26
19 14 28
20 8 16
21 and above 11 22
Total 50 100

Gender.  Table 1.2 shows that out of the 50 respondents, 35 (70%) are female and 15 (30%) are male. Hence, in this study, there were more female respondents than male.

Table 1.2 Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents according to gender.

Gender (f) (%)
Female 35 70
Male 15 30
Total 50 100

Civil Status. Table 1.3 shows that out of 50 respondents, 49 (98%) were single and 1 (2%) was married.

Table 1.3 Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents according to civil status.

Civil Status (f) (%)
Single 49 98
Married 1 2
Total 50 100

 Results of the Data According to the Problem/Factors by the Working Students

Family Problem. Table 2 shows that out of the 50 respondents, 43 (86%) said yes that one of their problem is financial and 7 (14%) said no, 21 (42%) said yes that their parents are unemployed and 29 (58%) said no, 15 (30%) said yes that they have a many siblings and 35 (70%) said no, 3 (6%) said yes that they are a broken family problem and 47 (94%) said no, and lastly 3 (6%) said yes that they have the unsupported parents and 47 (94%) said no. Most of the respondents (43) said yes that financial problem is one of their major problem.

Table 2. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents according to their family problem.

Family Problem Financial problem Unemployed parents Having more siblings Broken family Unsupportive parents
  (f)           % (f)              % (f)            % (f)           % (f)            %
(f) yes 43 86% 21 42% 15 30% 3 6% 3 6%
(f) no 7 14% 29 58% 35 70% 47 94% 47 94%
TOTAL 50 100% 50 100% 50 100% 50 100% 50 100%

 Problem and Difficulties Encountered by the College Working Students. Table 3 shows that out of the 50 respondents, 43 (84%) said yes that they encountered problem being stress and 8 (16%) are no , 38 (76%) said yes that they did not manage their time well both in school and work and 12 (24%) respondents said no, 28 (56%) said yes that they encountered by being not sleeping well and 22 (44%) said no, 19 (38%) said yes that one of their problem are late in morning classes and 31 (62%) said no,  and 6 (12%) said yes that they encountered having low academic performance and 44 (88%) said no. Which means that most of the respondents (42) encountered problem is being stress.

Table 3. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents according to their Problem and Difficulties Encountered

Problem and Difficulties encountered Stress Managing time both study and school Not sleeping well Late in morning classes Low academic performance
  (f)           % (f)          % (f)           % (f)           % (f)           %
(f) yes 42 84 38 76 28 56 19 38 6 12
(f)  no 8 16 12 24 22 44 31 62 44 88
TOTAL 50 100 50 100 50 100 50 100 50 100

Results of the Data according to the Coping Mechanism used by the Working Students

Coping mechanism Used by the Working Students to Overcome their Problems. Table 4 shows that out of the 50 respondents, almost 50 (100%) respondents said yes that work hard is one of the coping mechanism they must use to overcome their problems and no one (0) could say  no, 44 (88%) said yes that being optimistic and 6 (12%) said no, 42 (84%) said yes that managing time wisely is the one of their coping mechanism used and 8 (16%) said no, 36 (72%) said yes that listening to music is one of their coping mechanism and 14 (28%) said no, and 35 (70%) said yes that asking help from someone is one of their coping mechanism and 15 (30%) said no. Moreover, almost of the respondents (50) using the coping mechanism is working hardly to overcome their problem.

Table 4. Frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents according to their coping mechanism used to overcome their problems.

Coping mechanism  used to overcome the problem Work hard Being optimistic Managing time wisely Listening to music Asking help from someone
  (f)            % (f)            % (f)           % (f)         % (f)           %
(f) yes 50 100 44 88 42 84 36 72 35 70
(f)  no 0 0 6 12 8 16 14 28 15 30
TOTAL 50 100 50 100 50 100 50 100 50 100


Discussion. 
Working students have more responsibilities in school campus. Here in Southern Christian College, we senior high school students conduct a study about college working students by knowing their difficulties and problem that they always encountered.

In chapter two about our study, there are no statements if how was big the population of female rather than in male working students, age limit and what are their status profile as they lead themselves as a working students in a particular school. But in our finding data we found out that working students here in Southern Christian College has more female college working students out of our 50 respondents we have a 35 female and only 15 male respondents, which means there had a big population of girls working students. In addition there are some students are already married that is continuing their studies as they are also a working students just to finish their degrees in college.

Moreover, about the factors by the students we found out that being working student have an effectiveness of them, which are the advantages and disadvantages. The problems they encountered that leads them to get a job inside the campus just to support their studies here in said school.

College students who are a working students on campus had some factors and reasons in term of their family problem. According to Presley (2013), stated that financial aid packages, students may qualify for work-study positions that would allow them to receive funding to work on campus and also Study of Moose (2017), stated that college tuitions and finances are more high-priced and costly than high school learners in our finding data from our respondents we found out that the family problem of the working students is financial which the main factors, leads them to work, if we compared it from the idea between Presley (2013) and the Study of Moose were intimately the same in our findings.

Moreover, when the students become one of the working students in campus, problem will be emerge to the students’ life as being pupil while working in school campus. Furthermore, Edison (2016), said that working college student problems highlight issues that they are faced with every day which are the following; spontaneity, sleep, morning classes, stress, and priorities.  Based on the survey, we also found out that stress is the particularly common problem, also this is the one expected of disadvantage in study while doing work in campus, it is based on the data from our respondents, on what they have chosen problem and difficulties in the survey questionnaire that has distributed

In addition, working students is not a working students if they did not work hard so working students mostly used it as a coping mechanism to overcome those problems and difficulties they are always encountered in their daily life both in school and at home even in society. According to Levy (2007), says that a part-time job, whether on-campus or off-campus, can help the student become a better student and get a jump on his/her career track, the working students develop by perfect time-management skills necessary for academic success, reduce reliance on student loans, gain career-related experience as they clarify goals, acquire skills and self-confidence, and build a network of contacts. Working students will slowly develop their skills, in terms ability and capability as a students and working students in school campus.

LITERATURE CITED

Perna, L. (2010). Understanding the Working College Student. Retrieved from http://www.aaup.org/article/understanding-workng-colege-styudents#.WFX149xGLJY on December 8, 2016.

Rapacon, S. (2015).  More college students are working while studying. Retrieved from http://www.cnbc.com/2015/10/29/more-college-students-are-working-while-studying.html on December 8, 2016.

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